Saturday, October 24, 2009
How to train a dog to perform basic commands?
Greetings all, dear readers!
Specify at once that for dog breeders with experience of my articles may seem naive, containing well-known truth. But remember the time when you first started a small four-legged friend. How many questions that seem laughable now, and clear, stood in front of you! One of these problems - the basis of education, training of dogs. The best option, of course, seek the assistance of professional dog handlers, inscribed with the dog on the course or take private lessons. However, this will require funds, and, often, considerable. And perhaps will need transportation to "disciple" in "dog" school, did not always such a school nearby, and not every dog can go by bus or subway.
So, I want to share experiences with those who personally wants to teach your pet basic dog obedience, science, in other words, learn the basics, some of the most important commands of the general rate of training. Let's start with the principal - when to start? Opinions on this vary. Even the proposed classes do not injure the dog's psyche to a year. But here is how to convince a year old, who grew up without any bans, shaggy "Mitrofanushka" that the time has come to learn and obey? The best way to start the lessons, when the dog turns 5-6 months. Prior to that education must be indirect, incidental. For example, the command "Sit" - one of the first, fully assimilated and has run for three months. However, if the consolidation did not happen - do not worry. Begin lessons - come and knowledge.
For studies will be required : collar, leash, treat (small pieces of cheese, cooked sausage, meat, crackers) and a playground. This should be a place where no one can stop you, and you, in turn, do not bother anyone, and no danger will not threaten the dog. For example, can not hold classes next to the roadway, if the territory is, of course, is not fenced. 3-4 hours before training the dog must feed. Foster, that is to praise and give a treat, it should be every time the correct command. Voice commands to send a clear, loud, but not without a cry. Duplicated gestures. Subsequently, the team must be carried out either by voice command, or by gesture.
Team "to me!» . Right hand pulling at shoulder level and sharply down to the thigh. The dog must run up and sit on the left leg trainer, not more than 50 cm from it. If the dog just does not want to approach, you can make a couple of steps towards him. At the beginning of working out of this team is particularly important privacy. And what was it then, "To me!", When all run and play. Immediately after the correct execution pat a dog, say "Well, to me!". Give a treat. Just do not take immediately at the leash and not withdraw from the walk. Otherwise, "To me!" Will be associated with unpleasant, and implemented accordingly. Several times call simply to praise and give a treat and release again to play and run. Ideal - a dog on the first team (verbal or gestural), valid, and passes behind the trainer and sits at the left leg.
Team "Walk!» . She is accompanied by a gesture: the right arm freely thrown forward. Off leash, hold the dog's collar with his left hand. Give voice commands and gesture, and release the dog. Let runs. Periodically beckon students, take the collar, hold a little bit and repeat the command. In principle, one of the most beloved teams, performed "on the cheers.
command "Sit!» . Gesture - bent at the elbow with the hand palm forward. Gave the command, slightly left hand presses down on the large dog, as if forcing her to sit down. Right hand over the leash holding up. Sit - "Good boy, sit, good!"- Give a delicacy. Typically, this lesson is absorbed very quickly and easily. Gradually the team are giving everything from a greater distance. A perfect result - the dog sits on a split (voice or gesture) team, while at a distance of 10-15 meters from you.
Team "Freeze» . Gesture - stretched forward right hand, palm turned upwards and is held at shoulder level. We help the dog understand what is required of her, the first time support under the belly. Then he begins to perform independently.
command "Lie down!» . Gesture - the right arm thrown forward from the shoulder, and lowered his hand down. After submitting the team push with one hand on the withers of the dog, as if pressing it to the ground, and the other holding a delicacy, under the nose of the trainee, but low. Reaching for the "sweets", the dog lie. You can sit in front of a dog, and slightly pull her front paws. The command "Lie down!" Dog should not to fall sideways. With a good performance - encouraging: "Well, lie. Well, and delicacy, of course. Ideal - dog falls by the team at a distance of 10-15 meters from the trainer.
Team "Next» . Gesture - cotton with his left hand on the hip. The dog should go to a trainer with the pace, so that her shoulder touched his left leg man. Before practicing this command give the dog how to frolic, to spend the extra energy. When walking next to him on a leash all attempts to go faster, slower, deviations in the direction and the like must be dealt a sharp "Next" and follow jerk leash. Praise good reaching near the dog, treat it, without stopping traffic. When the dog will walk calmly next to him on a leash at a distance of no less than 50 meters - removes the leash. And - all over again, only this time without a leash.
Team "Voice» . The easiest way to master it. See this, what dog likes a hollow - a toy on a sound ... Team. Then let's stimulus, and, having obtained the result, immediately forget to remove the object and begin to praise: "Good voice, good!" Gradually, "the student" understand - need to bark on command, but not because it revealed something that at its look, worthy barks.
And, finally, team "Whew!» is a very important team. The word puppy hears from infancy. Well, if the appropriate skills entrenched itself. If not - when you try to chase after the cat, picked up a nasty, stretch to find out relations with compatriots - to be followed by a loud sharp "Whew!" Jerk the leash, and possibly blow whip (no leash, with the dog should not have any unpleasant associations ). Let this painful sensation - but implicit, instantaneous execution of commands "Whew!" Save four-legged friend from so many troubles and misfortunes. But do not overdo it, the whole world can not be "Phew!".